Calculating breakeven point is an essential yet often overlooked financial analysis for small businesses using QuickBooks.
By learning how to perform breakeven analysis in QuickBooks, you can gain critical insights to set tangible profit targets, optimize pricing, and identify growth opportunities for your business.
In this post, you'll discover stepbystep how to calculate your breakeven point in QuickBooks based on your key cost and revenue variables. You'll also learn how to leverage breakeven outcomes to drive more informed business decisions.
Introduction to Calculating BreakEven Point in QuickBooks
This section provides a brief overview of the breakeven point, why calculating it in QuickBooks is important for businesses, and what key topics we'll cover.
Understanding the BreakEven Point and Its Importance
The breakeven point refers to the level of sales a business needs to generate in order to cover all expenses. Understanding your breakeven point helps inform important business decisions such as:
 Determining the viability and profitability of your business model
 Setting appropriate pricing for your products/services
 Planning production levels and inventory requirements
 Managing cash flow effectively
Knowing your breakeven point gives visibility into the minimum level of sales you need to operate sustainably.
The Role of QuickBooks in BreakEven Analysis
QuickBooks stores all your financial data in one place, making it the ideal tool for breakeven analysis. By leveraging QuickBooks features you can:
 Calculate your exact breakeven point based on real expenses and revenue
 Run whatif scenarios to model how changes in price, volume, fixed costs etc. impact breakeven
 Track performance versus breakeven over time as a key profitability metric
Conducting breakeven analysis in QuickBooks gives actionable insights based on real financials.
Navigating Through the Article
We'll provide stepbystep guidance on using QuickBooks to determine your breakeven including:
 Finding the breakeven analysis tool
 Entering expenses and revenue data
 Interpreting and using the calculated breakeven point
 Leveraging features like breakeven units to run scenarios
Following along will enable you to accurately calculate and utilize your breakeven point.
What is the formula for the breakeven point?
The formula for calculating the breakeven point in units is:
BreakEven Point (units) = Fixed Costs ÷ (Sales price per unit – Variable costs per unit)
To calculate it in sales dollars, the formula is:
BreakEven Point (sales dollars) = Fixed Costs ÷ Contribution Margin
The breakeven point tells a business the minimum number of units they need to sell or minimum sales dollars they need to generate in order to cover their fixed and variable costs.
Reaching the breakeven point means the business is not making a profit or incurring a loss. They are just covering their costs. Any units sold or sales dollars generated above the breakeven point contribute to profit.
Some key things to know about breakeven analysis:
 It requires knowing your business's fixed and variable costs
 Fixed costs stay the same regardless of units sold (like rent)
 Variable costs change based on units sold (like materials)
 Contribution margin measures revenue minus variable costs
 Breakeven analysis shows the relationship between costs, volume, and profit
Conducting a breakeven analysis using QuickBooks can help businesses determine the sales volume they need to break even or start making a profit. It's an important financial analysis tool for business planning and decision making.
How do you calculate the breakeven point of a put?
The breakeven point (BEP) for a put option can be calculated using the following formula:
BEPput = strike price  premium paid
Where:
 Strike price: The price at which the put option buyer has the right to sell the underlying asset
 Premium paid: The amount paid by the put option buyer for the rights granted by the put option
For example, if you buy a put option with a strike price of $50 and pay a premium of $2, the breakeven point would be:
BEPput = $50  $2 = $48
This means that the underlying asset's price needs to fall below $48 before the put option trade becomes profitable, since the put buyer needs the asset price to be lower than the strike price minus premium paid to make up for the premium spent on the option.
The key things to remember when calculating the breakeven point for a put option are:
 It is the strike price minus the premium paid
 The underlying asset price needs to fall below this level for the trade to be profitable
 It helps put buyers evaluate if purchasing the put is worthwhile based on required price movement to reach BEP
Calculating the BEP for puts helps option traders determine the necessary price drop to offset the premium paid for the option rights. Comparing the BEP to your view on potential downward price movement can inform decisions on whether putting is a worthwhile investment.
How do you estimate and cost the breakeven point?
The breakeven point is an important concept in business financial planning. It's the point where total revenue equals total costs, meaning the business is neither making a profit nor a loss.
To calculate the breakeven point, you need to know:
 Fixed costs  These are costs that do not change based on production or sales volume, such as rent, utilities, salaries.
 Variable costs  These are costs that vary directly with production volume, such as raw materials, shipping fees.
 Selling price per unit  How much you sell each product or service for.
The formula to calculate breakeven units is:
Breakeven (units) = Fixed Costs / (Selling Price per Unit – Variable Cost per Unit)
Once you know the breakeven quantity, you can calculate the breakeven point in revenue dollars with this formula:
Breakeven (revenue) = Breakeven (units) x Selling Price per Unit
For example, if your fixed costs are $100,000, you sell widgets at $25 each, and the variable cost per widget is $15:
Breakeven (units) = 100,000 / (25  15) = 100,000 / 10 = 10,000 widgets
Breakeven (revenue) = 10,000 x $25 = $250,000
So you need to sell 10,000 widgets at $25 each to reach $250,000 in revenue to break even.
Performing this analysis yearly can help guide business decisions on improving profitability. If your current sales are below breakeven, you may need to reduce costs or improve efficiency. If you're operating above breakeven, you have an opportunity to expand.
Essential Financial Data for BreakEven Calculation
To accurately calculate breakeven point, you need to understand your business's costs and revenue data in QuickBooks across areas like:
Categorizing Fixed vs. Variable Costs
Gather all monthly expenses categorized as fixed or variable costs over the last 12 months in QuickBooks for full visibility.
 Fixed costs remain the same each month regardless of sales volume, like rent, insurance, salaries, etc.
 Variable costs change based on production output, like materials, shipping, commissions, etc.
 Properly categorizing these costs in QuickBooks is crucial for an accurate breakeven analysis.
Analyzing Pricing and Revenue Streams
Report on your actual monthly and unit revenue from the last year in QuickBooks to estimate future earnings at higher sales volumes.
 Gather historical sales data by product/service lines.
 Understand pricing models and discounts offered.
 Factor in seasonality and onetime sales.
 Use trends to predict revenue growth potential.
Assessing Profit Margins Across Offerings
Determine the profit margin for each major product/service by comparing unit selling price to associated variable costs per unit from QuickBooks.
 Calculate profit margin = (Sales Price  Variable Cost) ÷ Sales Price
 Rank offerings by highest profit margin percentage.
 Weigh reduction in lower margin items to boost overall profitability.
 Shift focus to most profitable products/services.
Having clear visibility into these key financial components in QuickBooks is essential for determining the breakeven point where total sales revenue equals total expenses. This informs pricing strategies and production levels needed to reach profitability.
Determining Monthly Fixed Costs
To accurately calculate your breakeven point, you first need to determine your business's monthly fixed costs. Here are the key steps to tally these expenses in QuickBooks:
Accumulating Rent and Utility Expenses
 Run QuickBooks reports for all rent payments and recurring utility bills like electricity, gas, water, and phone over the past 12 months
 For each category, calculate the average monthly cost over the year
 Add up the monthly averages to get your total fixed costs for these items
Calculating Salaries and Payroll Expenditures
 Use QuickBooks payroll reports to add up gross monthly salaries for all employees
 Include related costs like payroll taxes, health insurance contributions, retirement plans, etc.
 Sum monthly averages over 12 months to estimate regular monthly payroll
Summarizing Loan and Interest Payments
 Total all monthly loan payments made over the past year from QuickBooks reports
 This includes business loans, lines of credit, credit cards, or other financing
 Divide the annual total by 12 to determine average monthly loan costs
Evaluating Recurring Software and Subscription Costs
 Report on all fixed monthly or annual payments for software, insurance, industry subscriptions, etc.
 For any annual fees, divide by 12 to calculate a monthly average
 Add up all monthly averages to estimate regular monthly expenses
Tallying up these fixed monthly costs in QuickBooks provides the foundation for accurately determining your breakeven point based on reliable financial data.
sbbitbbeb59a9
Assessing Monthly Variable Costs
Variable costs change depending on units sold. Analyze these costs over the past 12 months in QuickBooks by category:
Calculating Unit Material and Labor Costs
To determine the per unit variable costs of goods sold, analyze the following in QuickBooks over the past 12 months:
 Raw materials costs
 Packaging supplies expenses
 Hourly direct labor wages
 Commission fees paid
 Inventory and shipping supplies
Add up the total variable costs related to production inputs and divide by the number of units produced during that period to calculate the per unit variable materials and labor cost.
For example, if total variable production costs were $100,000 over the past year and 10,000 units were produced, the per unit variable materials and labor cost would be $10 ($100,000/10,000 units).
Estimating Marketing & Advertising Variable Expenses
Marketing and advertising costs can vary significantly depending on the number of units sold. Track the following variable expenses in QuickBooks over the past 12 months:
 Payperclick (PPC) advertising
 Search engine optimization (SEO)
 Content creation and marketing
 Graphic design fees
 Video production costs
Divide the total variable marketing expenses by the number of units sold during the same period to estimate the per unit marketing cost.
For example, $50,000 in variable marketing spend over a year where 5,000 units were sold would equal a $10 per unit marketing cost ($50,000/5,000 units).
Tracking Variable Support & Logistics Costs
To understand per order variable expenses, analyze support and logistics costs in QuickBooks over the past 12 months, including:
 Customer service wages and supplies
 Packaging materials
 Shipping and delivery fees
Sum up the total variable support and logistics expenses and divide by the number of orders fulfilled during that time frame to gauge the variable cost per order.
For instance, $80,000 in total variable support/logistics costs over 1,000 orders would mean a $80 variable cost per order ($80,000/1,000 orders).
Monitoring these major variable cost components by category on a monthly basis provides the data needed to accurately calculate breakeven quantity.
Calculating Per Unit Selling Price and Margins
Analyzing your actual selling prices and profit margins per unit from past QuickBooks transaction history can provide helpful insights into your business's financial performance.
Determining the Weighted Average Selling Price
When calculating your average selling price per unit, it's important to factor in seasonal promotions or price fluctuations over time. Here are some tips:

Pull up detailed sales reports in QuickBooks over the past year, showing the per unit selling price for each product/service on every invoice.

For each product/service, calculate the weighted average selling price per unit. Weigh prices based on the actual quantity sold at each price point.

This gives you a realistic normalized view of pricing, avoiding distortions from shortterm discounts or specials.
Identifying High Margin Products and Services
Ranking your offerings by profit margin can illuminate which areas of your business are most lucrative. Here is an effective approach:

Use QuickBooks historical data to analyze relative per unit costs for associated materials, labor, etc.

Compare against the weighted average per unit selling price to derive the unit margin.

Sort products/services from highest to lowest margin to determine where to strategically focus and invest for maximum profit impact.
Aligning Pricing with Customer Value Perception
Pricing optimization is about aligning with what specific customer groups perceive as high value:

Categorize customers into personas based on characteristics like industry, size, usage levels etc.

Survey customers in each persona on the specific features, capabilities, and services they value most.

Tailor pricing and packaging for each persona accordingly, backed by data on margins and value perception.

Result: Pricing stays profitable while matching what each customer segment believes is reasonable for the value delivered.
Carefully analyzing QuickBooks data can provide pricing and profitability insights to help strategically guide business planning. Matching prices to customer value perception is key for optimizing margins.
Performing BreakEven Analysis Using QuickBooks Features
With QuickBooks capturing all key financial data, you can leverage the builtin breakeven analysis tool to accurately calculate the breakeven point.
Utilizing the BreakEven Analysis Feature in QuickBooks
Navigate to Reports > Company & Financial > BreakEven Analysis in the QuickBooks menu bar to access the calculator.
 Enter your fixed and variable costs per unit along with average selling price per unit
 QuickBooks uses this data to plot breakeven point on a graph
 Visual representation allows you to easily identify breakeven volume
Entering Key Financial Variables
To perform breakeven analysis, provide QuickBooks with:
 Monthly fixed costs  rent, payroll, utilities
 Variable costs per unit  material, commission, shipping
 Weighted average selling price per unit
Find these figures in QuickBooks historical data and financial reports.
Incorporating Revenue Growth Assumptions
The QuickBooks breakeven analysis tool allows you to enter monthly revenue growth rate assumptions.
 Helps model how increasing sales volumes impact breakeven
 Enter conservative growth estimate based on historical data
 Run scenarios adjusting growth rate up or down
With key variables entered, QuickBooks generates a clear breakeven analysis report. Review the graph and figures to inform business decisions.
Understanding and Leveraging BreakEven Analysis Outcomes
Once your breakeven point outputs from QuickBooks, here's how to interpret the data and actually apply it to make smarter financial decisions.
Determining the Breakeven Units Required for Sales Volume
Pinpoint exactly how many units you need to sell per month to earn enough revenue to cover costs.
 Use the breakeven analysis report to determine the exact quantity of units that need to be sold to reach the breakeven point. This shows the minimum sales volume required.
 Compare the breakeven quantity to your current and projected sales volumes per month. This gives insight into the feasibility of reaching profitability at your current price and cost structure.
 If your projected sales volume is lower than the breakeven volume, you either need to increase sales projections or adjust pricing and costs to lower the breakeven point.
Setting Tangible Profit Targets
With expected profit at volumes above breakeven, determine specific margin and revenue goals by product/service.
 Once your sales volume surpasses breakeven levels, additional units sold contribute directly to profit. Determine a sales volume goal 2550% above breakeven to generate desired profit.
 Multiply the volume above breakeven by the unit profit margin to calculate potential earnings. Set this as a quarterly or annual profit target.
 Break this down by product/service line to create tangible profit goals, then track performance against these goals.
Optimizing Pricing Strategies for Profit Maximization
Finetune prices, discounts and bundles for maximum profit using breakeven data on cost structures and valuebased customer pricing.
 If your breakeven point is too high, use the fixed vs. variable cost data to determine where to reduce costs. Target the largest cost drivers first.
 Model adjusted pricing scenarios in the breakeven analysis to identify optimal prices for profitability. Ensure pricing aligns to customer willingness to pay.
 Introduce new discounts, bundles or subscription packages to increase volume and lower breakeven point. Continuously iterate using updated breakeven data.
Monitoring Key Metrics in Relation to BreakEven Point
Continuously update your monthly breakeven analysis in QuickBooks as the business evolves. Monitor sales volumes, revenue, profit and costs against your targets.
Regular Reporting on Sales Volumes
 Run monthly sales reports in QuickBooks to track units sold towards your determined breakeven volume
 Compare actual units sold to your breakeven point to determine if you are on track
 If units sold are below breakeven, analyze sales data to understand why and make adjustments
Adjusting for Changes in Costs
 Update fixed and variable costs in QuickBooks monthly
 Recalculate breakeven point whenever costs change significantly
 Understand how changes in costs impact profitability and breakeven volume
Focusing on Profitability Drivers
 Use QuickBooks reports to analyze which products drive the most profit
 Prioritize selling and marketing higher margin products above breakeven point
 Optimize operations to reduce costs for lower margin products to improve profitability
Conclusion: Key Takeaways from BreakEven Analysis in QuickBooks
Calculating breakeven point in QuickBooks provides tremendous financial visibility to make smart business decisions. Key things to remember:
Emphasizing DataDriven Decision Making
Using breakeven analysis in QuickBooks can help businesses emphasize datadriven decision making when it comes to pricing, budgets, and profit goals. Rather than guessing or estimating, having the concrete breakeven point calculated based on real financial data allows for more informed business choices.
For example, if the breakeven point is currently at $100,000 in sales at existing pricing, a business can make decisions about whether a price drop makes sense to aim for higher volume. Or the business may adjust profit goals based on the breakeven analysis results. Overall, the quantifiable insights allow the leadership team to base decisions on facts instead of guesswork.
Maintaining Consistent Financial Monitoring
It's important to update breakeven analysis in QuickBooks consistently, such as monthly or quarterly. As a business's fixed and variable costs change over time, so does the breakeven point. Keeping an eye on any fluctuations allows businesses to adjust strategies to account for evolving realities.
Rather than doing a oneoff calculation, building the habit of periodically reviewing updated breakeven analysis provides better financial visibility to detect trends and opportunities. Consistent monitoring and adaptation is key.
Identifying and Capitalizing on Growth Opportunities
Finally, reviewing breakeven analysis over time can clearly highlight opportunities for profitable growth. For example, if the contribution margin increases due to production efficiencies, it may allow lowering pricing to expand market share while still exceeding the breakeven point.
Alternatively, sudden increases in fixed costs shown in the updated monthly analysis may indicate areas to control costs more tightly. Shifts in any factors impacting breakeven point can expose ways to improve profitability, which businesses can capitalize on through datadriven decisions enabled by QuickBooks breakeven analysis.